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    天鵝絨的特點 Characteristics of velvet

    發布時間:2023-03-09      點擊次數:81

    天鵝絨,明清兩代最為興盛。有花天鵝絨和素天鵝絨二種。清·黃地蓮蝠紋漳絨墊料花天鵝絨是指將部分絨圈按花紋割斷成絨毛,使之與未斷的線圈聯同構成紋樣;而素天鵝絨則其表面全為絨圈。一般天鵝絨用蠶絲作原料或作經線,以棉紗作緯線,再以桑蠶絲(或人造絲)起絨圈??椩鞎r,每織四根絨線便織入一根起絨桿(即細鐵絲),織到一定長度時即在機上用割刀沿鐵絲剖割,即成毛絨。毛絨如何起是依紋樣設計。構成織物的紋樣有兩種形式:一是絨花緞地、即漳緞;一是絨地緞花,即天鵝絨。其特點是少有織地,有單、雙色,或嵌金銀線。

    天鵝絨使用桑蠶絲作原料也可用桑蠶絲作經,棉紗作緯交織的地組織上,以桑蠶絲或人造絲起絨圈??椩鞎r每織四根絨線后織入一根起絨桿(細鐵絲),織到一定長度時(約20厘米左右),即在機上用割刀沿鐵絲剖割,鐵絲脫離織物,則成毛絨。此毛絨根據紋樣的設計,就能使紋樣清晰地顯示在緞面上,并有光澤。構成織物的紋樣有兩種形式,一種是絨花緞地,即漳緞;一種是絨地緞花,即天鵝絨。有單色和雙色之分,富麗華貴,可做秋冬衣料或高級沙發套、窗簾等。


    Velvet was most popular in the Ming and Qing dynasties. There are flower velvet and plain velvet.

    Qinghuangdilotus bat pattern Zhangvelour cushion material

    Qinghuangdilotus bat pattern Zhangvelour cushion material

    Floral velvet refers to cutting part of the velvet ring into a pile according to the pattern, so that it is connected with the unbroken coil to form a pattern; Plain velvet, on the other hand, has a velvet ring on its surface. Generally, velvet is made of silk as raw material or warp thread, cotton yarn as weft thread, and mulberry silk (or rayon) as a pile ring. When weaving, every four wool threads will be woven into a velvet rod (i.e. fine iron wire), woven to a certain length, it will be cut along the iron wire with a cutter on the machine, that is, plush. How plush is designed according to the pattern. There are two forms of fabric pattern: one is velvet satin ground, that is, Zhangsatin; One is velvet, or velvet. Its characteristics are rarely woven, single, two-color, or embedded gold and silver thread.

    Velvet using mulberry silk as raw material can also be used mulberry silk as warp, cotton yarn as weft interwoven on the ground organization, with mulberry silk or rayon velvet circle. When weaving, a raising rod (fine iron wire) is woven into every four wool threads. When it reaches a certain length (about 20 cm), it is cut along the iron wire with a cutter on the machine. When the iron wire is separated from the fabric, it becomes plush. This plush, according to the design of the pattern, can make the pattern clearly displayed on the satin surface, and glossy. There are two forms of fabric pattern, one is velvet satin ground, that is, Zhangsatin; One is velour, or velvet. There are monochrome and two-color points, rich and luxurious, can do autumn and winter clothing material or senior sofa cover, curtains, etc.


    上一條:天鵝絨的歷史 History of velvet
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